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Confused with some of the terminology? Explore the glossary for more information.

References for these terms available here.


Case studies

A form of qualitative descriptive research that is used to look at individuals, a small group of participants, or a group as a whole. (Colorado State University, 2014).

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A systematic collection and analysis of information in order to see whether a program or a project is doing what it set out to do. It lets programs and organizations know how they’re doing and helps identify changes that need to be made along the way (Whitman & Wadud, 2013).
Evidence-informed practice
Evidence-informed practice combines the best available research with the experience and judgment of practitioners, children, youth and families to deliver measurable benefits.
Executive summary
An executive summary is a condensed version of the content of a longer report. It is usually no longer than 10% of the original document (Colorado State University, 1993 - 2014).

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The process of putting a defined practice or program into practical effect; to pursue to a conclusion.

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Knowledge Brokering
A two-way exchange of knowledge about an issue, which fosters collective learning and usually involves knowledge brokers or intermediaries (Shaxson & Bielak et al., 2012).
Knowledge Exchange (KE)
An ongoing process of actively moving information and knowledge between individuals and groups.
Knowledge Management (KM)
The process of ensuring that knowledge is available. It is sometimes used to describe the suite of activities from the storage of information through to its dissemination. However, with the emergence of other terms and greater differentiation between roles, it is beginning to refer more to the collection and storage of different types of knowledge so that they can be accessed when needed (Shaxson & Bielak et al., 2012).
Knowledge Mobilization (KMb)
The meaningful use of evidence and expertise to align research, policy and practice and improve outcomes for children, youth and families.
Knowledge Transfer
A one-way process of sharing knowledge which can be construed as more of a teacher-student relationship than other knowledge-related activities and perhaps associated with mutual exploration of an issue (Shaxson & Bielak et al., 2012).
Knowledge Translation (KT)
The process of translating knowledge from one format to another so that the receiver can understand it; often from specialists to non-specialists. KT is sometimes represented as a one-way and sometimes a two-way, process (Shaxson & Bielak et al., 2012).

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Learning organization
A learning organization continuously gathers and uses new knowledge to adapt, innovate and thrive in a rapidly changing environment.

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The routine tracking and reporting of priority and information of a program, including the inputs, activities, outputs and outcomes.

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Needs assessment
A systematic process for gathering information about current conditions of a targeted area within an organization that underline the need for an intervention.
Ongoing interactions among groups of people (Cooper & Levin, 2010).

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Organizational learning
Is the activity and process by which organizations eventually reach the ideal of a learning organization (Finger & Brand, 1999).
Short-term and medium-term effect of an intervention’s outputs, such as change in knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, behaviours (UNAIDS, n.d.).
Outcome evaluation
Outcome evaluation focuses on measuring the intended effects of the program on the targeted population – short and/or intermediate outcomes such as changes in knowledge, skills, attitudes and behaviour. When planning an evaluation, it is important to focus on key outcomes that are important to stakeholders in order to ensure feasibility of the evaluation.
The results of program/intervention activities; the direct products or deliverables of program/intervention activities, such as the number of… counselling sessions, the number of people served… (UNAIDS, n.d.).

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A partnership is a formal inter-organizational relationship between two or more parties where common goals are defined, commitments are made and risks and rewards are shared between both parties.
Process evaluation
Process evaluation focuses on the services that were delivered to the targeted population, and is based on a comparison of the intended program implementation or delivery and intended target population (reach) with the actual implementation, delivery and reach. It tells us whether the program is being delivered as intended and what is working well.
Program logic model
A visual diagram (e.g., a flow chart) depicting the various components of a program and illustrates how these components are congruently linked together in order to achieve the intended outcomes (Rittenhouse et. al, 2002).

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Qualitative methods
Methods used in research involving detailed, verbal descriptions of characteristics, cases, and settings. Qualitative research typically uses observation, interviewing, and document review to examine the quality, meaning, and context of people's answers (Rittenhouse et. al, 2002).

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A wiki is a website that allows users to add, remove, and otherwise edit and change content. It is a simple online database where each page is easily edited by any user with a web browser. The word ‘wiki’ is derived from the Hawaiian phrase “wiki wiki”, meaning ‘fast’ and is also a backronym for What I Know Is to stress the concept of collaborative co-authoring (Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research, n.d.).

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